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Don Burleson Blog 







Pass Parameter to Oracle SQL

Expert Oracle Database Tips by Donald BurlesonApril 6, 2015


Question:  :  I have a set of SQL statement that are identical except for the value of a variable.

I would like to make this SQL variable as a parameter and pass it to the SQL.

What ways does Oracle have to allow passing a parameter to a SQL query?

Answer:   If you want to learn to do this correctly, with examples, get the Easy Oracle Pack, with working code examples in the book downloads.

Oracle is the most powerful of all databases, and it is easy to pass a variable into a SQL statement using several methods, including SQL*Plus and PL/SQL:

SQL*Plus script to pass a variable  

You can pass variable as a parameter in SQL*Plus with the PROMPT and ACCEPT parameters something like this script that accepts emp_name as a parameter to pass to the SQL:

 ACCEPT empame PROMPT 'Enter Employee Name: '

SELECT  * FROM emp WHERE ename = ?&empame?;  

PL/SQL script to pass a variable  

In PL/SQL you can pass a parameter to a PL/SQL stored procedure or function:

 set feedb off

create or replace directory tmp as '/tmp';

inFile utl_file.file_type;
outFile utl_file.file_type;
x varchar2(40);
inFile := utl_file.fopen('TMP','in','R');
outFile := utl_file.fopen('TMP','out','W');
utl_file.put_line(outFile,'Enter a value for x : ');
utl_file.put_line(outFile,'you entered '||x);


$ mknod /tmp/out p; mknod /tmp/in p
$ (cat /tmp/out &);(sqlplus -s scott/tiger @interactiveplsql &


Enter a value for x :

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