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ORA-25141: invalid EXTENT MANAGEMENT clause tips

Expert Oracle Database Tips by Donald BurlesonDecember 27, 2015

Question: I am getting an ORA-25141: invalide EXTENT MANAGMENT clause error when trying to create the system tablespace's extent management dictionary using the following:

create database
logfile
group 1 ('/u01/app/oradata/anand/redo1a.log') size 100M,
group 2 ('/u01/app/oradata/anand/redo2a.log') size 100M,
group 3 ('/u01/app/oradata/anand/redo3a.log') size 100M
datafile '/u01/app/oradata/anand/system.dbf' size 400M extent management
    dictionary
sysaux datafile '/u01/app/oradata/anand/sysaux.dbf' size 300M default temporary tablespace temp tempfile '/u01/app/oradata/anand/temp.dbf' size 50M

 Running this code results in the ORA-25141: invalid EXTENT MANAGEMENT clause.  How can I create the system tablespace's extent management directory without getting the ORA-25141?

Answer:  The oerr information on the ORA-25141 says the following:

ORA-25141: invalid EXTENT MANAGEMENT clause

Cause: An invalid option appears for EXTENT MANAGEMENT clause

Action: Specify one of the valid options: UNIFORM SIZE, AUTOALLOCATE

FYI, nobody uses dictionary managed tablespaces much anymore, they can cause bottlenecks in the data dictionary as tablespaces grow! Instead, check out locally managed tablespace (LMT).

There are some working examples of the CREATE DATABASE command HERE.

Further review of the documentation reveals the following points on the use of extent_management_clause for creating a locally managed SYSTEM tablespace.  Omitting this clause will result in the SYSTEM tablespace being dictionary managed.

 Caution: A locally managed SYSTEM tablespace cannot be changed to be dictionary managed, nor can you create any other dictionary-managed tablespaces in this database.

  • If this clause is specified, the database must have a default temporary tablespace, because a locally managed SYSTEM tablespace cannot store temporary segments.
  • If EXTENT MANAGEMENT LOCAL is specified but you do not specify the DATAFILE clause, the default_temp_tablespace clause can be omitted. Oracle Database will create a default temporary tablespace called TEMP with one datafile of size 10M with autoextend disabled.
  • If both EXTENT MANAGEMENT LOCAL and the DATAFILE clause are specified, then the default_temp_tablespace clause must be used and datafile explicitly specified for that tablespace.

If the instance has been opened in automatic undo mode, similar requirements exist for the database undo tablespace:

  • If EXTENT MANAGEMENT LOCAL is specified but  the DATAFILE clause is not, the undo_tablespace clause can be omitted. Oracle Database will create an undo tablespace named SYS_UNDOTBS.
  • If both EXTENT MANAGEMENT LOCAL and the DATAFILE clause are specified, then the undo_tablespace clause must be used and a datafile for that tablespace explicitly specified.
 
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