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Manually create a cdb

Oracle Database Tips by Donald BurlesonJune 7, 2016

Question: What do I do to manually create a cdb from the command line?  I know that Oracle recommends using DBCA to create a cdb, but I need to do a manual create of a cdb.  What are the steps to manually create a cdb from the SQL*Plus command prompt?

Answer:  To manually create a cdb you need to perform these steps. 

1 - Parameter:  Set the init.ora parameter enable_pluggable_database=true.

2 - Create the database:  You can run the following create statement for a cdb, making sure to include the "enable pluggable database" syntax:

CREATE DATABASE ZWC
    MAXLOGFILES 16
    MAXLOGMEMBERS 4
    MAXDATAFILES 1024
    MAXINSTANCES 1
    MAXLOGHISTORY 680
    CHARACTER SET ZHS16GBK
    NATIONAL CHARACTER SET AL16UTF16
DATAFILE
    '/12cfile/ZWC/system01.dbf' SIZE 500M
        EXTENT MANAGEMENT LOCAL
UNDO TABLESPACE undotbs1 DATAFILE
'/12cfile/ZWC/undotbs01.dbf' SIZE 800M
SYSAUX DATAFILE
'/12cfile/ZWC/sysaux01.dbf' SIZE 500M
DEFAULT TEMPORARY TABLESPACE TEMP TEMPFILE
'/12cfile/ZWC/temp01.dbf' SIZE 500M
DEFAULT TABLESPACE USERS DATAFILE
'/12cfile/ZWC/users01.dbf' SIZE 50M
LOGFILE GROUP 1
('/12cfile/oraredo/ZWC/redo01a.rdo') SIZE 50M,
GROUP 2
('/12cfile/oraredo/ZWC/redo02a.rdo') SIZE 50M
USER sys IDENTIFIED BY oracle
USER system IDENTIFIED BY oracle
USER_DATA TABLESPACE userstbs DATAFILE
'/12cfile/ZWC/userstbsp01.dbf' SIZE 500M
ENABLE PLUGGABLE DATABASE
SEED FILE_NAME_CONVERT = ('/12cfile/ZWC','/12cfile/ZWC/pdbseed');

 

3 - Catalog:  Run the catalog script (catcdb.sql) after the create database statement.  The Oracle docs note:

"When you use the CREATE DATABASE statement to create a CDB, you must complete additional actions before you have an operational CDB.

These actions include building views on the data dictionary tables and installing standard PL/SQL packages in the root.

You perform these actions by running the supplied "catcdb.sql" script."

Important Note:  You must have have the perl binaries in your path when you run catcdb.sql. Else you will get the ORA-01917 error.

export PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$ORACLE_HOME/perl/bin/:$PATH

After doing this PATH change, you run catcdb.sql and then you will be able to create the pluggable database successfully.

 

 


   
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Note: This Oracle documentation was created as a support and Oracle training reference for use by our DBA performance tuning consulting professionals.  Feel free to ask questions on our Oracle forum.

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